Beverage Provider FAQ
What is the policy?
As of January 1, 2021, distribution of plastic beverage straws, stirrers and splash sticks is prohibited. Beverage providers my give customers non-plastic straws only if they specifically request them.
Which businesses does this apply to?
All retail food and beverage providers are required to comply, including sit-down and fast food restaurants, food carts, bars, coffee and tea shops, grocery stores, convenience stores, hotels and motels, caterers and food service contractors.
This includes educational and governmental institutions that provide food and beverages.
Which items are included?
Plastic straws, stirrers, and splash sticks.
What are accepted plastic straw alternatives?
Alternatives to plastic straws may be provided without being requested April 1, 2020 until December 31, 2020. As of January 1, 2021, alternatives to plastic straws may only be provided upon request. These include straws made from:
- Sugar cane
What about “compostable” plastics?
There is no exception for plastic items labeled “compostable,” “biodegradable” or “made from plants.” These items cannot be composted in Portland. Additionally, they can have negative environmental impacts equal to or greater than conventional plastics and are unlikely to reduce plastic pollution in the ocean.
Access to straws for people with disabilities
Some people with disabilities find it difficult or impossible to drink without a straw, and plastic straws meet their needs better than paper or metal straws. Even if you would like to eliminate plastic straws entirely, please keep a small supply to provide when requested.
WHAT YOUR BUSINESS NEEDS TO DO
As of January 1, 2021 the distribution of plastic straws, stirrers and splash sticks is prohibited except to individuals with a disability that requires them to use a plastic straw. Such items may be distributed to customers upon request only if they are not made of plastic.
Table service: You may provide non-plastic straws, stirrers, or splash sticks only if a customer requests them.
Counter service -- Dine-in or take-out
In situations where customers order their food at a counter, food cart, or cafeteria line, you cannot automatically include straws, stirrers, or splash sticks with a customer’s order. Non-plastic straws, stirrers or splash sticks must be kept behind the counter and can only be provided if a customer requests them.
Grab and Go -- Convenience stores, grocery stores, delis and other establishments where customers get their own food or beverage and then pay a cashier.
Straws, stirrers or splash sticks must be kept behind the counter and can only be provided if a customer requests them.
Drive-through, take-out, online orders, and delivery apps:
You may not include straws, stirrers, or splash sticks with a customer’s order unless they specifically request them.
Self-Service: If your business offers a self-service station for customers where they can currently get a plastic straw, stirrer or splash stick themselves, these items must be removed from these stations and placed behind a counter where the customer can request them if desired.
Note: Your business is responsible for following this policy, even if the customer orders through a third-party app. If a customer is given these plastic items without being asked, your business will be out of compliance.
SIGNS FOR CUSTOMERS
We suggest (but do not require) posting a sign to let customers know they need to ask for these items. The City has developed some signs with details about the ordinance to utilize if you wish. See Resources below.
Starting April 1, 2020, businesses found in violation of the policy will receive:
- A fine not exceeding $100 for the first violation in a one-year period;
- A fine not exceeding $200 for the second and each subsequent violation in a one-year period.
To report an out-of-compliance business contact email@example.com or 207-756-8362.
Purpose of the policy: To reduce plastic litter and to reduce the use of energy and resources, including fossil fuels, needed to make items that are only used once.
How businesses were notified: The City of Portland sent food-related businesses notification letters in January 2020 prior to the public hearing before the Sustainability and Transportation Committee. Local media provided extensive coverage of the issue in advance of the City Council vote.
How businesses benefit: Businesses can save money by reducing the quantities of single-use items provided to customers. Customers also want less disposable plastic.
Call 207-756-8362 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.